The Daily Routines of 12 Famous Writers (And How They Can Help You Succeed)

How many people die with their best work still inside them?

We often assume that great things are done by those who were blessed with natural talent, genius, and skill. But how many great things could have been done by people who never fully realized their potential? I think many of us, myself included, are capable of much more than we typically produce — our best work is often still hiding inside of us.

How can you pull that potential out of yourself and share it with the world?

Perhaps the best way to develop better daily routines. When you look at the top performers in any field, you see something that goes much deeper than intelligence or skill. They possess an incredible willingness to do the work that needs to be done. They are masters of their daily routines.

As an example of what separates successful people from the rest of the pack, take a look at some of the daily routines of famous writers from past and present.

At the end of the article, I broke down some common themes that you can apply to your daily routines — regardless of your goals. To skip straight to those suggestions, click here.

E.B. White: “A writer who waits for ideal conditions under which to work will die without putting a word on paper.”

In an interview with The Paris Review, E.B. White, the famous author of Charlotte’s Web, talked about his daily writing routine…

I never listen to music when I’m working. I haven’t that kind of attentiveness, and I wouldn’t like it at all. On the other hand, I’m able to work fairly well among ordinary distractions. My house has a living room that is at the core of everything that goes on: it is a passageway to the cellar, to the kitchen, to the closet where the phone lives. There’s a lot of traffic. But it’s a bright, cheerful room, and I often use it as a room to write in, despite the carnival that is going on all around me.

In consequence, the members of my household never pay the slightest attention to my being a writing man — they make all the noise and fuss they want to. If I get sick of it, I have places I can go. A writer who waits for ideal conditions under which to work will die without putting a word on paper.

Haruki Murakami: “The repetition itself becomes the important thing.”

In a 2004 interview, Murakami discussed his physical and mental habits…

When I’m in writing mode for a novel, I get up at four a.m. and work for five to six hours. In the afternoon, I run for ten kilometers or swim for fifteen hundred meters (or do both), then I read a bit and listen to some music. I go to bed at nine p.m.

I keep to this routine every day without variation. The repetition itself becomes the important thing; it’s a form of mesmerism. I mesmerize myself to reach a deeper state of mind.

But to hold to such repetition for so long — six months to a year — requires a good amount of mental and physical strength. In that sense, writing a long novel is like survival training. Physical strength is as necessary as artistic sensitivity.

Ernest Hemingway: “I write every morning.”

In an interview with George Plimpton, Hemingway revealed his daily routine…

When I am working on a book or a story I write every morning as soon after first light as possible. There is no one to disturb you and it is cool or cold and you come to your work and warm as you write. You read what you have written and, as you always stop when you know what is going to happen next, you go on from there.

You write until you come to a place where you still have your juice and know what will happen next and you stop and try to live through until the next day when you hit it again. You have started at six in the morning, say, and may go on until noon or be through before that.

When you stop you are as empty, and at the same time never empty but filling, as when you have made love to someone you love. Nothing can hurt you, nothing can happen, nothing means anything until the next day when you do it again. It is the wait until the next day that is hard to get through.

Henry Miller: “When you can’t create you can work.”

In 1932, the famous writer and painter, Henry Miller, created a work schedule that listed his “Commandments” for him to follow as part of his daily routine. This list was published in the book, Henry Miller on Writing.

  1. Work on one thing at a time until finished.
  2. Start no more new books, add no more new material to “Black Spring.”
  3. Don’t be nervous. Work calmly, joyously, recklessly on whatever is in hand.
  4. Work according to Program and not according to mood. Stop at the appointed time!
  5. When you can’t create you can work.
  6. Cement a little every day, rather than add new fertilizers.
  7. Keep human! See people, go places, drink if you feel like it.
  8. Don’t be a draught-horse! Work with pleasure only.
  9. Discard the Program when you feel like it—but go back to it next day. Concentrate. Narrow down. Exclude.
  10. Forget the books you want to write. Think only of the book you are writing.
  11. Write first and always. Painting, music, friends, cinema, all these come afterwards.

Kurt Vonnegut: “I do pushups and sit ups all the time.”

In 1965, Vonnegut wrote a letter to his wife Jane about his daily writing habits, which was published in the recent book: Kurt Vonnegut: Letters.

I awake at 5:30, work until 8:00, eat breakfast at home, work until 10:00, walk a few blocks into town, do errands, go to the nearby municipal swimming pool, which I have all to myself, and swim for half an hour, return home at 11:45, read the mail, eat lunch at noon. In the afternoon I do schoolwork, either teach of prepare. When I get home from school at about 5:30, I numb my twanging intellect with several belts of Scotch and water ($5.00/fifth at the State Liquor store, the only liquor store in town. There are loads of bars, though.), cook supper, read and listen to jazz (lots of good music on the radio here), slip off to sleep at ten. I do pushups and sit ups all the time, and feel as though I am getting lean and sinewy, but maybe not.

Jodi Picoult: “You can’t edit a blank page.”

The last seven books Jodi Picoult has written have all hit number 1 on the New York Times bestseller list. In an interview with Noah Charney, she talks about her approach to writing and creating…

I don’t believe in writer’s block. Think about it — when you were blocked in college and had to write a paper, didn’t it always manage to fix itself the night before the paper was due? Writer’s block is having too much time on your hands. If you have a limited amount of time to write, you just sit down and do it. You might not write well every day, but you can always edit a bad page. You can’t edit a blank page.

Maya Angelou: “Easy reading is damn hard writing.”

In a 2013 interview with The Daily Beast, the American author and poet discussed her writing career and her daily work habits…

I keep a hotel room in my hometown and pay for it by the month.

I go around 6:30 in the morning. I have a bedroom, with a bed, a table, and a bath. I have Roget’s Thesaurus, a dictionary, and the Bible. Usually a deck of cards and some crossword puzzles. Something to occupy my little mind. I think my grandmother taught me that. She didn’t mean to, but she used to talk about her “little mind.” So when I was young, from the time I was about 3 until 13, I decided that there was a Big Mind and a Little Mind. And the Big Mind would allow you to consider deep thoughts, but the Little Mind would occupy you, so you could not be distracted. It would work crossword puzzles or play Solitaire, while the Big Mind would delve deep into the subjects I wanted to write about.

I have all the paintings and any decoration taken out of the room. I ask the management and housekeeping not to enter the room, just in case I’ve thrown a piece of paper on the floor, I don’t want it discarded. About every two months I get a note slipped under the door: “Dear Ms. Angelou, please let us change the linen. We think it may be moldy!”

But I’ve never slept there, I’m usually out of there by 2. And then I go home and I read what I’ve written that morning, and I try to edit then. Clean it up.

Easy reading is damn hard writing. But if it’s right, it’s easy. It’s the other way round, too. If it’s slovenly written, then it’s hard to read. It doesn’t give the reader what the careful writer can give the reader.

Barbara Kingsolver: “I have to write hundreds of pages before I get to page one.”

The Pulitzer Prize nominee has written over a dozen books, the last nine of which have all made the New York Times bestseller list. During a 2012 interview, she talked about her daily routine as a writer and a mother…

I tend to wake up very early. Too early. Four o’clock is standard. My morning begins with trying not to get up before the sun rises. But when I do, it’s because my head is too full of words, and I just need to get to my desk and start dumping them into a file. I always wake with sentences pouring into my head. So getting to my desk every day feels like a long emergency. It’s a funny thing: people often ask how I discipline myself to write. I can’t begin to understand the question. For me, the discipline is turning off the computer and leaving my desk to do something else.

I write a lot of material that I know I’ll throw away. It’s just part of the process. I have to write hundreds of pages before I get to page one.

For the whole of my career as a novelist, I have also been a mother. I was offered my first book contract, for The Bean Trees, the day I came home from the hospital with my first child. So I became a novelist and mother on the same day. Those two important lives have always been one for me. I’ve always had to do both at the same time. So my writing hours were always constrained by the logistics of having my children in someone else’s care. When they were little, that was difficult. I cherished every hour at my desk as a kind of prize. As time has gone by and my children entered school it became progressively easier to be a working mother. My oldest is an adult, and my youngest is 16, so both are now self–sufficient —but that’s been a gradual process. For me, writing time has always been precious, something I wait for and am eager for and make the best use of. That’s probably why I get up so early and have writing time in the quiet dawn hours, when no one needs me.

I used to say that the school bus is my muse. When it pulled out of the driveway and left me without anyone to take care of, that was the moment my writing day began, and it ended when the school bus came back. As a working mother, my working time was constrained. On the other hand, I’m immensely grateful to my family for normalizing my life, for making it a requirement that I end my day at some point and go and make dinner. That’s a healthy thing, to set work aside and make dinner and eat it. It’s healthy to have these people in my life who help me to carry on a civilized routine. And also to have these people in my life who connect me to the wider world and the future. My children have taught me everything about life and about the kind of person I want to be in the world. They anchor me to the future in a concrete way. Being a mother has made me a better writer. It’s also true to say that being a writer has made me a better mother.

Nathan Englander: “Turn off your cell phone.”

Englander is an award–winning short story writer, and in this interview he talks about his quest to eliminate all distractions from his writing routine…

Turn off your cell phone. Honestly, if you want to get work done, you’ve got to learn to unplug. No texting, no email, no Facebook, no Instagram. Whatever it is you’re doing, it needs to stop while you write. A lot of the time (and this is fully goofy to admit), I’ll write with earplugs in — even if it’s dead silent at home.

Karen Russell: “Enjoy writing badly.”

Russell has only written one book … and it was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize. In an interview with The Daily Beast, she talks about her daily struggle to overcome distraction and write…

I know many writers who try to hit a set word count every day, but for me, time spent inside a fictional world tends to be a better measure of a productive writing day. I think I’m fairly generative as a writer, I can produce a lot of words, but volume is not the best metric for me. It’s more a question of, did I write for four or five hours of focused time, when I did not leave my desk, didn’t find some distraction to take me out of the world of the story? Was I able to stay put and commit to putting words down on the page, without deciding mid-sentence that it’s more important to check my email, or “research” some question online, or clean out the science fair projects in the back for my freezer?

I’ve decided that the trick is just to keep after it for several hours, regardless of your own vacillating assessment of how the writing is going. Showing up and staying present is a good writing day.

I think it’s bad so much of the time. The periods where writing feels effortless and intuitive are, for me, as I keep lamenting, rare. But I think that’s probably the common ratio of joy to despair for most writers, and I definitely think that if you can make peace with the fact that you will likely have to throw out 90 percent of your first draft, then you can relax and even almost enjoy “writing badly.”

A.J. Jacobs: “Force yourself to generate dozens of ideas.”

In an interview for the series, How I Write, Jacobs talks about his daily writing routines and dishes out some advice for young writers…

My kids wake me up. I have coffee. I make my kids breakfast, take them to school, then come home and try to write. I fail at that until I force myself to turn off my Internet access so I can get a little shelter from the information storm.

I am a big fan of outlining. I write an outline. Then a slightly more detailed outline. Then another with even more detail. Sentences form, punctuation is added, and eventually it all turns into a book.

I write while walking on a treadmill. I started this practice when I was working on Drop Dead Healthy, and read all these studies about the dangers of the sedentary life. Sitting is alarmingly bad for you. One doctor told me that “sitting is the new smoking.” So I bought a treadmill and put my computer on top of it. It took me about 1,200 miles to write my book. I kind of love it — it keeps me awake, for one thing.

Jacobs has advice for young writers, too…

Force yourself to generate dozens of ideas. A lot of those ideas will be terrible. Most of them, in fact. But there will be some sparkling gems in there too. Try to set aside 20 minutes a day just for brainstorming.

Khaled Housseni: “You have to write whether you feel like it or not.”

In an interview with Noah Charney, Housseni talks about his daily writing habits and the essential things that all writers have to do…

I don’t outline at all, I don’t find it useful, and I don’t like the way it boxes me in. I like the element of surprise and spontaneity, of letting the story find its own way. For this reason, I find that writing a first draft is very difficult and laborious. It is also often quite disappointing. It hardly ever turns out to be what I thought it was, and it usually falls quite short of the ideal I held in my mind when I began writing it. I love to rewrite, however. A first draft is really just a sketch on which I add layer and dimension and shade and nuance and color. Writing for me is largely about rewriting. It is during this process that I discover hidden meanings, connections, and possibilities that I missed the first time around. In rewriting, I hope to see the story getting closer to what my original hopes for it were.

I have met so many people who say they’ve got a book in them, but they’ve never written a word. To be a writer — this may seem trite, I realize — you have to actually write. You have to write every day, and you have to write whether you feel like it or not. Perhaps most importantly, write for an audience of one — yourself. Write the story you need to tell and want to read. It’s impossible to know what others want so don’t waste time trying to guess. Just write about the things that get under your skin and keep you up at night.

How to Apply This to Your Life

These daily routines work well for writing, but their lessons can be applied to almost any goal you hope to achieve.

For example…

1. Pushing yourself physically prepares you to work hard mentally. Vonnegut did pushups as a break from writing. Murakami runs 10 kilometers each day. A.J. Jacobs types while walking on a treadmill. You can decide what works for you, but make sure you get out and move.

2. Do the most important thing first. Notice how many excellent writers start writing in the morning? That’s no coincidence. They work on their goals before the rest of the day gets out of control. They aren’t wondering when they’re going to write and they aren’t battling to “fit it in” amongst their daily activities because they are doing the most important thing first.

3. Embrace the struggle and do hard work. Did you see how many writers mentioned their struggle to write? Housseni said that his first drafts are “difficult” and “laborious” and “disappointing.” Russell called her writing “bad.” Kingsolver throws out a hundred pages before she gets to the first page of a book.

What looks like failure in the beginning is often the foundation of success. You have to grind out the hard work before you can enjoy your best work.

 

Note: Special thanks to Brain Pickings, Barking Up the Wrong Tree, and The Daily Beast, where I originally found many of these stories.

24 Comments

  1. Cath says:

    Fascinating. Thank you.

  2. Aleks George says:

    Great post.

    Everyone has certain nuances to their process, however the universal truths remain. Consistency and routine is king.

    Gustave Flaubert wrote “Be regular and orderly in your life so you can be violent and original in your work.”

  3. Susan Gunn says:

    Good and fun to read. Writing is such a solitary undertaking and one has to be very dedicated to the process itself to find the clarity and understanding inherit in the thought and bring it into the light of exposure to see if it can stand on its own merit and make sense. Articulation and the perfect word chosen is similar to me of choosing which exact color for a painting. I find them quite comparable.

  4. Kevin T Nguyen says:

    Great Read! I’m trying to become a better writer and I’m not exactly sure what to write about except for the fact that I know I want to write something so I can improve. What kind of direction do you give yourself when you begin to write James?

    • James Clear says:

      Good question, Kevin. For me, I tend to start with my values and try to find interesting stories that align with them.

      For example, adventure and exploration is something I believe in — that’s why I write and share my photo essays. Mastering my habits and “playing a better mental game” is important to me, which is why I write articles like this one. And, contributing to the world around me is also an important value, which is why I occasionally write about creating art, building companies through entrepreneurship, etc.

      There are other values too — community, living a physical life, the importance of community — all of these find a way into my writing as well.

      Hopefully that helps a little bit! Good luck with your writing!

  5. Steve says:

    “They possess an incredible willingness to do the work that needs to be done. They are masters of their daily routines.” I think that pretty much sums up what it takes to do most anything. Masters of the daily routine. That is a tough one in this age of instant interruptions. Good article.

    • James Clear says:

      I agree, Steve. Mastering your habits is the biggest differentiator for most of us.

      Thanks for reading!

  6. Great post!

    Notice that almost all of them put in at least 4-5 solid focused hours on their writing everyday! I believe that if we could do that amount of focused work everyday for whatever goal we set for ourselves, there is really nothing we cannot achieve.

  7. Sharm says:

    This is really useful, thank you! I often get fed up when I feel that I have to write and rewrite things because it never comes out clearly the first time. This has discouraged me and makes me feel I am a very slow worker. It’s really encouraging to read that these famous writers consider rewriting their work as part of the writing process, and that they focus on putting the time in rather than the quality of what they write. This reminds me of your previous post where you talked about focusing on routine rather than results.

  8. Alex says:

    Fantastic post James, casually, the other day I was reading about being awesome in what you do and as your article it remarks the importance of the hard work as your article says. Quite inspiring as usual.

  9. Very good and rich article about writers and writing! Thanks, James! I’ll read this from time to time!

  10. Kimya says:

    Encouraging post, thank you

  11. CH says:

    I love this post. I tried some of these ideas and wrote 6 pages of what will become my PhD thesis! I was so nervous sending it off for feedback (that was the reason for the procrastination). But my supervisor was great and gave positive and constructive feedback. Thank you.

    Ok back to more writing!!!

  12. Landon says:

    Amazing article, and very inspiring. I’m a musician and all of this is very relatable as well!

  13. Loved the quick look into the habits of other writers. I don’t write … well, I should say that I don’t write books or articles … but, I code. And I find this useful to apply many of the aforementioned items to perhaps become better at coding. A very interesting read … thanks, James, for yet another great article.

  14. Nate Davis says:

    Thanks for the inspiration James! As much as I hate to think about it, so much of success in life is about consistency and routine, as so many of these anecdotes from writers I admire show.

  15. Tommy says:

    This article is delicious!

  16. Jericho Rivers says:

    I call a little BS on this (and all other articles like it). I’ve had the good fortune to interview numerous working and successful writers (and like to think I am one, myself), and the only single UNIVERSAL trait that we ALL have in common is this: procrastination. Most writers will do ANYTHING other than write until it is absolutely necessary to squeeze those words out of the head. But this procrastination is not merely wasted time; no, it is the gathering of inspiration, information and the freeing of the mind to discover its path. Merely committing to putting words on paper during a period of time is not only pointless and stupid, but a complete and utter waste of time.

    While I appreciate that the interviews above may have had honest appraisals of a period of time which worked for each author, only aspect that resonates with consistent truth is Henry Miller’s point #9: “Discard the Program when you feel like it.” Let’s face it: writing is a highly personal endeavor. Hack writing is especially well suited toward the styles suggested above, which themselves are merely responses to what the writers think the reporters want to hear after most likely getting the same inane request ad nauseum.

    Here are my habits to successful writing: Sit around a lot pondering my story. Look at the blank screen until my neck hurts. Make food. Walk around. Make more food. Water the garden. Shower or shit. Realize what was missing before. Sit back down and type until my fingers ache. Make sure I didn’t contradict myself anywhere. Go out. Talk on the phone. Take some virtually illegible notes on scraps of paper and shove them in my pocket. Go home and put the notes on my desk, on top of everything else. Think about writing some more, but watch television instead. Get up the next day, dedicate it to research. Google things tangential to my topic, read until its boring and re-Google. Then go out with my kid, play, work on something completely unrelated. Write bad poetry. Watch television again. Skip a day or two. Sit down and re-read bits of my novel. Figure out what needs to be fleshed out. Research enough to ensure it isn’t contradicting anything, fix what it does, look at my stack of notes and toss the ones that are no longer relevant. Write like crazy until my fingers hurt. Realize that I need another perspective and send it to my proofreader and editor for feedback, making sure they don’t know anything about where it is going. Work on something completely unrelated while waiting on the feedback. When the feedback arrives in a day or two, polish the hell out of it and start the process over, preferably by skipping a day and playing with my kid.

    In truth, some of my best work has been written by sitting on an idea for a year or so, without putting anything on paper until it has completely gelled. Then it gets dashed out in a mad fury without interruption. I’m not alone in this. In fact, most people I know who try following the “sit and write for X hours each day” rule fail miserably to produce anything of value. Some do. Especially for non-fiction. But it is hardly good advice for most of us.

  17. Gudmundur says:

    “Forget the books you want to write. Think only of the book you are writing.”

    Yes! Yes, this is what I need. As much as I love the feeling of having a lot of ideas going, I’m having a hell of a time deciding on which one to concentrate.

  18. Keith Munro says:

    Henry Miller’s books read as though they were written in one, long carefree (but sometimes angry) frenzy of abandon. To make the formally composed seem like it was spontaneously created takes real talent.

  19. Ella says:

    This is really very inspiring! Thank you so much. :)

  20. Shaun says:

    I’ve been reading a lot of articles about writing habits and routines for the last four years or so and this is the one that has helped me most. Great idea to take the ideas of worthy writers and compile them to find out the consistent habits. I have adopted the 7-12 every morning approach and finding I have to compensate with a lot of exercise by necessity. Excellent post and thank you. You have done wonders for the quality of my output.

    P.S. ^Regarding the Jericho Rivers idea, I can only say that I’ve never heard of you, but if you are “successful” as you say and happy with your work then great, I envy you. But what you’re saying is crap. Even the most spontaneous and enthusiastic writers like Ray Bradbury worked out a routine naturally. There are a few spontaneous novel writer’s that have been worthy out there, but they are very, very much the minority. Your ideas might work for poetry and maybe for you if you really are “successful”, but your talk of “fleshing” and so on makes me think you’re more concerned with looking successful and making money than integrity of fiction.

    In the words of Jack London:- ‘You can’t wait for inspiration. You have to go after it with a club.’

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